Journal of fundamental and applied researches


2014. №1, pp. 102-110

Kurbangalieva Julia Yu. - Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Astrakhan State University, 410056, Russia, Astrakhan, 20a Tatischev St.,

Vysokogorsky Oksana Рђ. - undergraduate student, Astrakhan State University, 410056, Russia, Astrakhan, 20a Tatischev St.,

Phonemic hearing - this is a subtle systematic hearing, which allows us to distinguish and recognize phonemes of the native language. The decisive factor for the development of phonemic hearing a child is normally a development of his speech in the process of communicating with others. Phonetic hearing is formed on the basis of phonemic hearing and monitors syllabic series in question. Phonetic and phonemic hearing ear , interacting, are hearing the voice , which is responsible for zvukoslogovuyu structure of a child's speech . Phonemic perception as mental operations on sound analysis , is formed in the process of training. In children with the general underdevelopment of speech violation of phonemic hearing is secondary . Dysmotility of articulation affects the formation of the phonemic hearing . Violations of kinesthetic and auditory monitoring of differentiation is the cause of persistent violations of the phonetic and prosodic aspects of speech . Violations of phonemic hearing difficulties are manifested in discrimination of non-speech sounds, kvaziomonimov ; distinguishing height , strength , tone of voice; differentiate syllables and phonemes. Prior to the examination of perception of speech sounds to the ear should be familiar with the results of the study of the physical hearing children. In the study of phonemic hearing set used to exclude pronunciation to sound pronunciation difficulties do not affect the quality of its execution.

Key words: фонематический слух, фонематическое восприятие, фонетический слух, родной язык, общее недоразвитие речи, звукослоговая структура речи, язык, речь, дифференциация, phonemic hearing, phonemic perception, phonetic hearing, the mother tongue, the general underdevelopment of speech zvukoslogovaya structure of speech, language, speech, differentiation